References 

Umbilical Cord Milking

Agarwal, S., Jaiswal, V., Singh, D., Jaiswal, P., Garg, A., & Upadhyay, A. (2016). Randomised control trial showed that delayed cord clamping and milking resulted in no significant differences in iron stores and physical growth parameters at one year of age. Acta Paediatrica, 105(11), e526-e530. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.13559

Al-Wassia, H., & Shah, P. (2015). Efficacy and Safety of Umbilical Cord Milking at Birth. JAMA Pediatrics, 169(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.1906

Bora, R., Akhtar, S., Venkatasubramaniam, A., Wolfson, J., & Rao, R. (2015). Effect of 40-cm segment umbilical cord milking on hemoglobin and serum ferritin at 6 months of age in full-term infants of anemic and non-anemic mothers. Journal Of Perinatology, 35(10), 832-836. https://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2015.92

Christensen, R., Baer, V., Gerday, E., Sheffield, M., Richards, D., & Shepherd, J. et al. (2013). Whole-blood viscosity in the neonate: effects of gestational age, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume and umbilical cord milking. J Perinatol, 34(1), 16-21. https://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2013.112

Daly, M., & Bock, R. (2015). Umbilical cord ‘milking’ improves blood flow in preterm infants. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Retrieved 3 April 2017, from https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/umbilical-cord-milking-improves-blood-flow-preterm-infants.

Drukker, L., Hants, Y., Farkash, R., Ruchlemer, R., Samueloff, A., & Grisaru-Granovsky, S. (2015). Iron deficiency anemia at admission for labor and delivery is associated with an increased risk for Cesarean section and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Transfusion, 55(12), 2799-2806. https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.13252

Erickson-Owens, D. (2009). Milking the umbilical cord at term Cesarean section: Effect on hemoglobin levels in the first 48 hours of life (DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY). University of Rhode Island.

Erickson-Owens, D., Mercer, J., & Oh, W. (2011). Umbilical cord milking in term infants delivered by cesarean section: a randomized controlled trial. Journal Of Perinatology, 32(8), 580-584. https://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2011.159

Hosono, S., Mugishima, H., Fujita, H., Hosono, A., Minato, M., & Okada, T. et al. (2008). Umbilical cord milking reduces the need for red cell transfusions and improves neonatal adaptation in infants born at less than 29 weeks' gestation: a randomised controlled trial. Archives Of Disease In Childhood - Fetal And Neonatal Edition, 93(1), F14-F19. https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.2006.108902

Jaiswal, P., Upadhya, A., Gothwal, S., Singh, D., Dubey, K., Garg, A., & Vishnubhatla, s. (2015). Comparison of Umbilical Cord Milking and Delayed Cord Clamping in Term Neonates: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Academic Journal Of Pediatrics & Neonatology, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.19080/ajpn.2015.01.555551

Katheria, A., Leone, T., Woelkers, D., Garey, D., Rich, W., & Finer, N. (2014). The Effects of Umbilical Cord Milking on Hemodynamics and Neonatal Outcomes in Premature Neonates. The Journal Of Pediatrics, 164(5), 1045-1050.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.01.024

Katheria, A., Truong, G., Cousins, L., Oshiro, B., & Finer, N. (2015). Umbilical Cord Milking Versus Delayed Cord Clamping in Preterm Infants. PEDIATRICS, 136(1), 61-69. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-0368

Kumbhat, N., Eggleston, B., Davis, A., DeMauro, S., Van Meurs, K., & Foglia, E. et al. (2021). Umbilical Cord Milking vs Delayed Cord Clamping and Associations with In-Hospital Outcomes among Extremely Premature Infants. The Journal Of Pediatrics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.12.072

Liyanage, S., Ninan, K., & McDonald, S. (2020). Guidelines on Deferred Cord Clamping and Cord Milking: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics, 146(5), e20201429. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-1429

March, M., Hacker, M., Parson, A., Modest, A., & de Veciana, M. (2013). The effects of umbilical cord milking in extremely preterm infants: a randomized controlled trial. J Perinatol, 33(10), 763-767. https://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2013.70

Mercer, J., Skovgaard, R., Pearearaeaves, J., & Bowman, T. (2005). Nuchal Cord Management and Nurse-Midwifery Practice. Journal Of Midwifery & Women's Health, 50(5), 373-379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmwh.2005.04.023

Patel, S., Clark, E., Rodriguez, C., Metz, T., Abbaszadeh, M., & Yoder, B. (2014). Effect of umbilical cord milking on morbidity and survival in extremely low gestational age neonates. American Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, 211(5), 519.e1-519.e7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2014.05.037

Patel, S., Clark, E., Rodriguez, C., Metz, T., Abbaszadeh, M., & Yoder, B. (2017). Effect of umbilical cord milking on morbidity and survival in extremely low gestational age neonates. http://www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 3 April 2017, from http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0002937814005055/1-s2.0-S0002937814005055-main.pdf?_tid=9e078aea-1852-11e7-b62d-00000aacb35d&acdnat=1491213057_d1f2df66e1979cb28f104d1066dc46ec.

Rabe, H., Jewison, A., Fernandez Alvarez, R., Crook, D., Stilton, D., Bradley, R., & Holden, D. (2011). Milking Compared With Delayed Cord Clamping to Increase Placental Transfusion in Preterm Neonates. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 117(2, Part 1), 205-211. https://doi.org/10.1097/aog.0b013e3181fe46ff

Takami, T., Suganami, Y., Sunohara, D., Kondo, A., Mizukaki, N., & Fujioka, T. et al. (2012). Umbilical Cord Milking Stabilizes Cerebral Oxygenation and Perfusion in Infants Born before 29 Weeks of Gestation. http://www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 3 April 2017, from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022347612003629.

Upadhyay, A., Gothwal, S., Parihar, R., Garg, A., Gupta, A., Chawla, D., & Gulati, I. (2013). Effect of umbilical cord milking in term and near term infants: randomized control trial. American Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, 208(2), 120.e1-120.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2012.10.884

Upadhyay, A., Gothwal, S., Parihar, R., Garg, A., Gupta, A., Chawla, D., & Gulati, I. (2013). Effect of umbilical cord milking in term and near term infants: randomized control trial. www.AJOG.org. Retrieved 3 April 2017, from http://www.ajog.org/article/S0002-9378(12)02031-5/pdf.

Yadav, A., Upadhyay, A., Gothwal, S., Dubey, K., Mandal, U., & Yadav, C. (2015). Comparison of three types of intervention to enhance placental redistribution in term newborns: randomized control trial. Journal Of Perinatology, 35(9), 720-724. https://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2015.65